Category Archives: Guides

Butterfly IQ – Smartphone Connected Ultrasound Scanner

Traditional ultrasound scanners are rather expensive, and rarely do people own one to use at home. However, that may be about to change, as Butterfly IQ has now obtained FDA clearance for a portable ultrasound scanner that anyone can use by connecting to their smartphones. Connecticut-based Butterfly IQ has made an innovative ultrasound scanner that uses a semiconductor chip for generating the ultrasonic signals, rather than the piezoelectric crystal transducers that traditional ultrasound machines Read more [...]

Cloud Storage and Alternatives

Ordinarily, every computer has some local memory storage capacity. Apart from the Random Access Memory or RAM, computers have either a magnetic hard disk drive (HDD) or a solid-state disk (SSD) to store programs and data even when power is shut off—RAM cannot hold information without power. The disk drive primarily stores the Operating System that runs the computer, other application programs, and the data these programs generate. Typically, such memory is limited and tied to a specific computer, Read more [...]

What is a wireless router?

Most of the electronic gadgets we use today are wireless. When they have to connect to the Internet, they do so through a device called a router, which may be a wired or a wireless one. Although wired routers were very common a few years back, wireless routers have overtaken them. Routers, as their name suggests, direct a stream of data from one point to another or to multiple points. Usually, the source of data is the transmitting tower belonging to the broadband dealer. The connection from the Read more [...]

What is Optane Memory?

Optane is a revolutionary class of memory from Intel creating a bridge between dynamic RAM and storage for delivering an intelligent and amazingly responsive computing experience. For instance, Intel claims an increase of 28% in overall system performance, 14 times faster hard drive access, and two times increase in responsiveness in everyday tasks. However, this revolution is not for everyone. It works only on the 7th generation Intel Core processor based systems that affordably maintain their Read more [...]

Why do you need a Good Grounding?

Grounding is a safety measure for electrical and electronic systems whereby the user is protected from accidentally coming in contact with electrical hazards. For instance, refrigerators at home usually stand on rubber feet, even when operating from the AC outlet. Although electricity enters the refrigerator and runs through most of the electrical components within it, it has no connection to the outer metal body. Rather, the outer metal body of the refrigerator connects independently to a green Read more [...]

Variables in Lead-Free Reflow for PCBs

Reflow ovens often show degrees of variability from profile to profile. This may depend on the distribution of components on the board, especially those that are slow heating, heat-sensitive, or of high mass. In general, reflow systems cannot generate one single reflow profile producing capable thermal results for all products. For instance, a large BGA package on the PCB may not allow more than five degrees of variation near the peak of the reflow profile curve. Therefore, even while the BGA Read more [...]

How Counterfeit Electronic Parts and Components Affect Businesses

Although counterfeiting has been an age-old industry, it is only recently that the impact of counterfeit electronic parts and components has come to be highlighted. The public is slowly gaining the awareness of the implications and risks such counterfeited electronics bring to trusting users. It is difficult for manufacturers to trace the origin of the counterfeited parts compared to the traceability present for the authentic components. It is possible these are older, but legitimate versions Read more [...]

What are Flexible Heaters?

Everyone is familiar with heaters. Although the simplest forms of heaters are sunlight and fire, both are not easy to handle or control. Therefore, people prefer using electricity for generating heat, as this is easy to control, requiring only a switch to shut off or turn on. An electric heater generates heat by driving current through a resistive element. The power this arrangement consumes is the product of the resistance of the element and the square of the current flowing through it. The resistance Read more [...]

How is Solid Insulation Tested?

Engineers test solid insulation using two important test methods, and both use the Direct Voltage. One of the tests involves checking the resistance of the insulation, while the other tests the leakage current through the insulation at high voltages. Insulation Resistance Testing The instrument used for conducting this test is a megohmmeter. The instrument can be hand-cranked, motor driven, or electronic. Regardless of its principle of operation, a megohmmeter generates a direct voltage in Read more [...]

What are Memristors?

What are Memristors and where are they used? Professor Leon Chua developed the memristor theory in 1971. A scientist discovered the behavior of memristors when he was working in a lab at HP, trying to figure out crossbar switches. Memristors are also known as matrix switches, as they behave as a switch when connecting multiple inputs to several outputs. When Professor Chua looked at the assortment of resistors, capacitors, and inductors for the switching, he noticed a vital missing component, Read more [...]