Low-Power Circuit Timing using SPXOs

A wide range of electronic devices relies on circuit timing as a critical function. These include microcontrollers, Bluetooth, Ethernet, Wi-Fi, USB, and other interfaces. In addition, circuit timing is essential for consumer electronics, wearables, the Internet of Things (IoT), industrial control and automation, test and measuring equipment, medical devices, computing devices and peripherals, and more. Although designing crystal-controlled oscillators seems an easy process for providing system timing, Read more [...]

Cooling Modes in Electronic Loads

Applications based on renewable energy are thriving. This is leading to a requirement for increased testing of devices that generate renewable DC power—devices like solar panels, fuel cells, and batteries, to name a few. This testing is typically by employing electronic loads, mostly programmable and with a design that can draw various specified amounts of power from the source. In the lab or on the production floor an electronic load is the most suitable instrument to characterize devices producing Read more [...]

A Bending and Stretching Battery

All electrical and electronic equipment we use in our daily lives requires power to operate. Movable equipment depends on batteries for their mobility. We are used to various types of batteries, like dry cells, lead-acid batteries, rechargeable Ni-Cd and Li-Ion batteries, and so on. However, all the batteries in common use are rigid, non-flexing structures. That may be changing now, as some researchers have claimed to have created a battery that is flexible and stretchable like a snake but unlike Read more [...]

Audio Frequency Range and Electronic Components

A vast majority of people like to listen to some form of audio. Be it in cars, homes, or theaters, audio is prevalent, and its applications are growing with the increasing use of portable devices. In all audio systems, important factors for a portable audio device are its design, size, cost, and quality. But listeners judge the performance of an audio device primarily on the basis of its capability to recreate the necessary audio frequencies. The audio industry commonly refers to the frequency Read more [...]

Hybrid Plug-in Connectors for Motor Control Systems

Motor control systems are increasingly becoming more compact while their use is growing with applications in Industry 4.0 and Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). In fact, motor control systems are prevalent in varied industries like food and beverages, material handling, and robotics. However, as the size of the controller shrinks, designers are facing a new challenge—routing power and signal easily and cost-effectively—while ensuring operator safety and electromagnetic compatibility. One Read more [...]

Connectivity Opportunities with 5G

Various parts of the world use different connectivity standards. While some are still struggling with 2, 3, and 4G connectivity, more progressive countries are trying out 5G and 6G. However, since 2019, when the markets introduced 5G, there has been considerable interest in its features. Smartphone manufacturers are now launching new handsets that offer the promise of substantially faster internet access along with the most advanced functionality. So far, several mobile networks have adopted Read more [...]

Solderless CoB LED Holders

CoB or Chip-on-board LEDs are very popular for producing high-power lights. Many connector manufacturers provide easier and faster methods for setting and mounting the CoB LEDs in lighting fixtures. One of them is the solderless LED holders, focusing on easy and fast assembly, secure attachments, and lower costs. Numerous companies are now offering solderless CoB LED holders. An LED holder typically holds the CoB LED before mounting on the heat sink. As the operator screws the holder on to the Read more [...]

What is Industrial Connectivity?

Engineers include any component involved in the path of delivering control signals or power for doing useful work as part of industrial connectivity. Typically, components such as terminal blocks, connectors, motor starters, and relays are part of industrial connectivity. Engineers divide industrial connectors into four categories depending on the environments in which they operate—commercial, industrial, military, and hermetic. Commercial applications do not consider temperature and atmosphere Read more [...]

IoT and DIP Switches

Pre-configuring equipment helps in many ways. In the field, the ability to pre-configure functionality eases installation procedures, helps in diagnostics, and reduces downtime. DIP switches are very popular for pre-configuring devices and an increase in their demand is accelerating the flexibility in their design. Although designers nowadays prefer to use re-programmable memories and software menus in equipment, DIP switches customizing the behavior of electronic devices was have always been Read more [...]

Sensor Technologies for Air Quality Monitoring

Although air is all around us, we breathe it in every minute, and our lives depend on it, yet we pay very little attention to the quality of air, unless when facing a problem. Whether it is indoors or outdoors, poor air quality can affect our health and well-being significantly. Two levels of air pollution measurement are significant here. One is the presence of small PM2.5 or Particulate Matters measuring less than 2.5 microns in size—one micron being one-micrometer equal to one-millionth Read more [...]