Most people in the US are familiar with the twist lock cable connectors, as these are the NEMA standard. In Europe, there is another advanced cable connector—the pin and sleeve connector—but it is not so very well known in the United States.
In short, pin and sleeve connectors deliver power through sealed connections, while insulating the connections from moisture, grime, and chemicals, which makes them suitable for applications under abusive environments. Their design is such as to prevent them from being disconnected under load. Pin and sleeve devices come in varying designs, ranging from metal-housed types to high impact-resistant plastic ones.
Whether specifying mobile power solutions on the factory floor, designing machines for international customers, or planning outdoor power distribution systems, pin and sleeve connectors with mechanical interlock switches are a cost-effective and safe option to all wiring requirements.
Well-suited for supplying power, these male-female connections can deliver power to a wide range of equipment such as lighting, portable tools, conveyors, compressors, motor generator sets, and welders. They are also good for matching the right equipment with high-current power sources, while integrating fused and switched interlocking receptacles in wet or corrosive environments.
When compared to the standard twist lock, pin and sleeve connectors offer plenty of other benefits. While their click-lock housing makes assembly fast and easy, their rugged design makes them highly durable. In contrast to male NEMA plugs leaving their pins exposed to the environment, a shroud surrounds the male plugs of a pin and sleeve connector and protects the contact pins.
With more configuration options for pin and sleeve connectors in the market than available for twist lock, they are color-coded to different amps, from 20 to 100 in the US. On the other hand, there is no color-coding for NEMA twist lock sockets.
Whereas twist lock sockets offer IP protection only as an option and with a higher price, this is a standard feature of the pin and sleeve connectors. While twist lock sockets are available only in the markets of North America, options of North American along with International versions are common for the pin and sleeve connectors.
Conforming to IEC 60309, one of the most appealing reasons for using the pin and sleeve connector is their built-in safety features, designed to make the connectors safe for both, the operators and the application.
IEC 60309 focuses on operator safety for a family of connectors for use in equipment in domestic as well as international markets. Products intended to be compliant with IEC 60309 must meet global standards, regardless of the origin country or the manufacturer. The standard specifies five devices—mechanical interlock switch receptacles, inlets, receptacles, connectors, and plugs.
Every pin and sleeve design is unique with respect to the design voltage. That means there is no possibility that a wrong voltage will be accidentally used in the application. Moreover, the design of plugs prevents them from being inserted into the wrong outlet type.
An additional safety feature is the pilot pin included in the electrical interlock systems. The pilot pin contact disconnects before all other connections do, signaling the electrical interlock to shut off the power.