Tag Archives: Guides

What are Diode Array Detectors?

High Performance Liquid Chromatography or HPLC uses diode arrays for recording the absorption spectrum of samples when ultraviolet and visible light passes through them. This enables the user to gather qualitative information about the samples. Major applications of HPLC diode array detectors include agriculture, environment, and industries such as petrochemical, energy, chemistry, life sciences, and pharmaceuticals. Diode array detectors of HPLC have the advantage of the ability to select the Read more [...]

What are Linear Image Sensors?

Fairchild Imaging makes CMOS 1421, a linear image sensor. This is an imaging device with a wide dynamic range of 94 dB or 52000:1, with excellent linearity. The device is a linear sensor, meaning it has 2048 x 1 high-resolution imaging sensors. Fairchild has designed this linear sensor for medical and scientific line scan applications such as optical inspection or fluorescent imaging that require wide dynamic range, high sensitivity, and low noise operation. With several acquisition modes, this Read more [...]

What are 3-D Image Sensors?

3-D image sensors from Infineon are perfect for use in mobile consumer devices. These new REAL3 image sensors measure the time-of-flight of infrared signals, enabling sensing gestures the user makes in front of the screen. Infineon has designed the sensors with a perfect combination of power consumption, performance, functionality, cost, and size. The IRS238xC 3-D image sensors work in any kind of ambient light conditions and this makes them indispensable for reliable use in mobile applications. The Read more [...]

What are Laminated Bus Bars?

Rather than use one solid bar of copper, the industry prefers laminated bus bars. These are fabricated components with layers of engineered copper bars separated by flat dielectric materials, bound together into a unified construction. Laminated bus bars offer several advantages—improved reliability and reduced system costs. They are available in various sizes and shapes, some as big as a fingertip while others more than twenty feet in length. Several industries use multilayered bus bar solutions Read more [...]

What is a PCB Via and How is it Made?

Vias are actually holes drilled into PCB layers and electroplated with a thin layer of copper to provide the necessary electrical connectivity. Three most common types of plated through via are in use—plated through holes, blind holes, and buried holes—with plated through holes running through all the layers of the PCB. These are the simplest type of holes to make and the cheapest. However, they take up a huge amount of PCB space, reducing the space available for routing. Blind vias connect Read more [...]

How useful are PCB Vias?

Designers use a plated through via as a conduit for transferring signals and power from one layer to another in a multi-layer printed circuit board (PCB). For the PCB fabricator, the plated through via are a cost-effective process for producing PCBs. Therefore, vias are one of the key drivers of the PCB manufacturing industry. Use of Vias Apart from simply connecting two or more copper layers, vias are useful for creating very dense boards for special IC packages, especially the fine-pitch components Read more [...]

Are Ferrites Good for Interference Suppression?

Although ferrite beads and sleeves are a common sight on cables, the technique for reducing both outgoing and incoming RF interference is the least understood. To study ferrites, and to do some comparative frequency domain measurements, one needs actual ferrite samples, a specially designed test jig, a spectrum analyzer, and a tracking generator. Any current flowing through a metal conductor will create a magnetic field around it. The inductance of the conductor transfers the energy between the Read more [...]

How do Antistatic Bags Work?

Computer boards and sensitive electronic components need protection from electrostatic discharge, especially at the time of shipping, handling, and assembly. This requirement has led to the development of an entirely new class of antistatic packaging materials. Now, a multi-million dollar packaging industry exists, with major developments in polymers. These are special conductive polyethylene and other laminates covered with very thin metalized films. This packaging industry saves several hundred Read more [...]

Raspberry Pi and Traffic Lights

Although we come across traffic lights almost every time we step out of our homes, we rarely stop to think about how they work. However, Gunnar Pelpman has done just that, and he has put the hugely popular single board computer, Raspberry Pi to good use. While most of the tutorials introduce turning on and off LEDs, he has prepared a somewhat more complex tutorial, one that teaches how to program traffic lights. Moreover, he has done this with the Raspberry Pi (RBPi) running the Windows 10 IoT Core. Traffic Read more [...]

USB Type C and USB 3.1 Gen 2 – What is the Difference?

With the need for increasing capabilities, USB technology has evolved and improved over several years. Recently, the USB Implementation Forum has released the specifications for the SuperSpeed+1 standard or USB 3.1 Gen 2 signal standard and the USB Type C connector. Data transfer rates have been increasing from USB 1.0, released in January 1996, with a full speed of 1.5 MB/s, to USB 2.0, released in April 2000, with full speed of 60 MB/s, and to USB 3.0, released in Nov 2008, with a full speed of Read more [...]