Tag Archives: electronic components

Different Types of Feedback Encoders

All closed loop systems use feedback to control speed and or position. This plays an important role in keeping equipment operating accurately and smoothly. When using feedback for the best benefits in an application, it is important to understand how feedback works, because a variety of devices as well as models is available for the purpose. The most popular among them are tachometers, Hall sensors, encoders and resolvers. Tachometers Tachometers are rotating electromagnetic devices. Typically, Read more [...]

What are Leadless Packages?

Electronic components, especially semiconductors have undergone a dramatic transformation over the past few decades. Starting from the through-hole packages, semiconductors evolved into the surface mount packaging, which is the default today. With the increase in packaging density, surface mount packaging is now limited to passive components mostly, while semiconductors are moving towards current technologies involving leadless packaging. Modern technologies involve leadless packaging such as Read more [...]

How does temperature affect component life?

Change in temperature affects the speed, power and reliability of electronic components and systems. Variation of temperature affects the speed performance, because material characteristics depend on temperature. These dependencies may be normal or reversed based on the type of the semiconductor material. Additionally, these dependencies change with technology scaling, and manufacturers counteract by introducing new processing materials, using metal gates and high-K dielectrics. For example, temperature Read more [...]

Special heat sinks for heavily populated boards

Designers have to manage airflow carefully when solving the task of cooling heavily populated PCBs or Printed Circuit Boards. For effective cooling, the movement of airflow along the board is important. Two factors play a crucial role when selecting and qualifying heat sinks for dense PCB applications. The first factor is thermal resistance and the other pressure drop. Thermal resistance is the increase in temperature in degrees Celsius for every watt and it measures how effectively the heat sink Read more [...]

How did the diode get it’s name?

Although most diodes are made of silicon nowadays, it was not always so. Initially, there were two types – thermionic or vacuum tube and solid state or semiconductor. Both the types were developed simultaneously, but separately, in the early 1900s. Early semiconductor diodes were not as capable as their vacuum tube counterparts, which were extensively used as radio receiver detectors. Various types of these thermionic valves were in use and had different functionalities such as double-diode triodes, Read more [...]

Learn about metal film resistors

Resistors are a common passive item in any electronic assembly. They are used for restricting the amount of current flowing in a circuit; acting much as a valve does in a water pipeline. The most commonly in use are carbon, thick metal and thin metal film resistors. The film forms the resistive material of the resistor. The axial resistor is usually a cylindrical conductive film on a non-conductive ceramic carrier. Two leads projecting from both ends of the resistance help in connecting the item Read more [...]

Magneto resistive random access technology (MRAM) for better memory storage

Technologists researching at the laboratories of the National University of Singapore in the department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a new technology that will help in enhancing storing information in electronic systems in a better and more durable manner. Called Magneto Resistive Random Access Technology, this innovative method increases the storage space considerably and ensures that all fresh data will remain intact, even when there is a power failure. The team of researchers, Read more [...]

What Is An Electronic Load And Where Do You Use It?

Power supply manufacturers need to test their products dynamically. Instead of using fixed-resistor banks of different sizes, electronic loads allow them to simulate easily and quickly various power states. Using an electronic load, large ranges of power sources such as converters, inverters, UPSs and electromechanical sources such as batteries and fuel cells may be tested. For varying loads, electronic loads are easier to use and provide a much higher throughput compared to fixed-resistors. For Read more [...]

Home Protection with Raspberry Pi

Planning to go on a vacation, but afraid of who will look after your home for you? Worry not, for the mighty Raspberry Pi (RBPi) is here. Not only will RBPi look after your entire house, it will send you an email of what is happening in your home and let you see it on your mobile or on a PC. How cool is that? Most alarm systems incorporate three primary sensors. The first is a temperature sensor to detect the rise in temperature in case of a fire. The second is an intrusion detection sensor to Read more [...]

Gardening with the Raspberry Pi

Many of you may be garden enthusiasts and would welcome the idea of automating some of the maintenance requirements of your plants. For example, keeping tabs on the quantity of water that is required by the plants based on the moisture in the soil, the available sunlight and the environmental temperature might be easy for an experienced gardener. However, gardeners who have just started gardening find it a difficult equation to balance. Even an experienced gardener may have to depend on a novice Read more [...]